A bunion is a hard, bony growth that develops on the outer edge of the foot, near the base of the big toe. It occurs when your big toe joint experiences pressure for an extended period, causing it to bulge outward.
Anyone can experience bunions, but they’re especially common in older adults and people who wear tight shoes or shoes that crowd the toes together.
The two most common causes of bunions are the way you walk and the shape of your feet. Outside factors can also play a role. For example, if you work a job that requires you to stay on your feet, or you regularly wear tight shoes that push your toes together, you’re also more likely to develop a bunion.
Common symptoms of bunions include:
As your bunion gets bigger, you might also experience corns, calluses, or blisters.
Bunions affect people of all ages and backgrounds, but several factors may increase your risk, including having a family history of bunions or experiencing a foot injury like a stubbed or broken toe. You’re also more likely to experience a bunion if you have an underlying inflammatory condition like rheumatoid arthritis.
At Long Lake Podiatry, P.C., Dr. Berlin diagnoses bunions by reviewing your health history, asking about your symptoms, and examining your feet and toes. During the exam, Dr. Berlin might gently press on your bunion to pinpoint areas of sensitivity or warmth. He might also order X-rays to assess the alignment of the bones and joints in your foot.
Whenever possible, Dr. Berlin uses conservative and noninvasive measures to treat bunions, including:
If these measures of care don’t provide relief, Dr. Berlin might recommend treatment with the Swiss compression technique. The minimally invasive procedure uses small incisions and special tools to realign the bones in your feet. Following treatment, you can immediately bear weight on your foot.
To explore the various treatments for bunions, make an appointment at Long Lake Podiatry, P.C., by calling the nearest office or clicking the online scheduler today.